Americans have been at the forefront of snowboard’s evolution since Vern Wicklund’s first attempt at a snowboard-like sled in 1939. Surfing’s influence on the sport would continue later in the decade when the prototype for the modern snowboard was created using the model of a short surfboard.
Cross-country skiing has been used for thousands of years as a way of getting around on snow. The oldest skis, found in Russia, are believed to be more than 6000 years old. Cross-country skiing as a sport began in the mid-19th century, at about the same time that it was brought to North America.
Curling is widely believed to be one of the world’s oldest team sports, with the first written evidence dating back to 16th century Scotland. There are now 50 member associations of the World Curling Federation, but Canada still accounts for more than 90 per cent of the world’s curlers.
Diving is a sport that requires strength, power, agility, balance, flexibility and, certainly, a dose of fearlessness. In both the individual and synchronized diving competitions, each dive is awarded a degree of difficulty based on the type of maneuver performed. The diver’s position, the number of somersaults and twists, and the take-off height are all considered.