In the men’s and ladies’ giant slalom, two riders race head-to-head through series of gates down two parallel courses labeled red and blue. In the qualification round, each rider does a run on each of the red and blue courses.
Traditionally, Olympic cross-country skiing events alternate between classical and free technique from Games to Games. In classical technique, the skis move parallel to each other through machine-groomed tracks in the snow, whereas there are no restrictions in free technique, making for a slightly faster motion.
In the ten individual Olympic alpine skiing events, skiers race against the clock with each event timed to the hundredth of a second (0.01). The team event pits nations head-to-head. The events can generally be divided into speed and technical categories.
Luge athletes compete on an ice track, beginning their ride by sitting on an open fiberglass sled. At the top of the track they grab two handles and rock back and forth to build momentum. After bursting from the start area, they use spiked gloves to paddle along the ice for more acceleration before lying down on their backs with feet stretched out in front and heads kept low to maintain an aerodynamic position.
Curling is one of the most strategic sports at the Olympic Winter Games. Playing on a rectangle sheet of ice, the objective is to get your team’s granite stones closer to the centre of a four-ringed target (known as the house) than those of your opposing team.