Americans have been at the forefront of snowboard’s evolution since Vern Wicklund’s first attempt at a snowboard-like sled in 1939. Surfing’s influence on the sport would continue later in the decade when the prototype for the modern snowboard was created using the model of a short surfboard.
Cross-country skiing has been used for thousands of years as a way of getting around on snow. The oldest skis, found in Russia, are believed to be more than 6000 years old. Cross-country skiing as a sport began in the mid-19th century, at about the same time that it was brought to North America.
Curling is widely believed to be one of the world’s oldest team sports, with the first written evidence dating back to 16th century Scotland. There are now 50 member associations of the World Curling Federation, but Canada still accounts for more than 90 per cent of the world’s curlers.