The word biathlon is of Greek origin and means “two tests”. In this case, the two tests are skiing and shooting. The sport has its roots in snow-covered Scandinavia where an important survival skill was the ability to hunt on skis with a rifle slung over the shoulder.
Bobsleigh was born in the late 19th century when the Swiss attached a steering mechanism to a toboggan. Today’s sleds are built to be fast and aerodynamic with a rounded fiberglass nose and four highly polished steel runners.