The Olympic archery competition takes place outdoors in four categories of events: men’s and women’s individual events and men’s and women’s team events. Competitors shoot from a standing position and attempt to land their arrow in the central circle, just 12.2 cm in diameter, of a target face that is 122cm in diameter.
The roots of athletics can be traced back to the first ancient Olympic Games in Olympia, Greece held in 776 B.C. where the only event at those Games was the “stadion”, a sprinting race of approximately 200 metres. The ancient Games would eventually grow to include other athletics events such as the discus, javelin and broad jump.
The word biathlon is of Greek origin and means “two tests”. In this case, the two tests are skiing and shooting. The sport has its roots in snow-covered Scandinavia where an important survival skill was the ability to hunt on skis with a rifle slung over the shoulder.
Bobsleigh was born in the late 19th century when the Swiss attached a steering mechanism to a toboggan. Today’s sleds are built to be fast and aerodynamic with a rounded fiberglass nose and four highly polished steel runners.