Curling is widely believed to be one of the world’s oldest team sports, with the first written evidence dating back to 16th century Scotland. There are now 50 member associations of the World Curling Federation, but Canada still accounts for more than 90 per cent of the world’s curlers.
In 1908 figure skating became the first winter sport to be included at the Olympic Games. There are now four disciplines (men’s and ladies’ singles, pairs and ice dance) as well as a team event comprised of all four.
Americans have been at the forefront of snowboard’s evolution since Vern Wicklund’s first attempt at a snowboard-like sled in 1939. Surfing’s influence on the sport would continue later in the decade when the prototype for the modern snowboard was created using the model of a short surfboard.
Like bobsleigh, skeleton has its origins in 19th century Switzerland. The Cresta Run in St. Moritz is often considered the home of skeleton racing. It was on that track that skeleton made its first two Olympic appearances at the Winter Games in 1928 and 1948.