The Olympic archery competition takes place outdoors in four categories of events: men’s and women’s individual events and men’s and women’s team events. Competitors shoot from a standing position and attempt to land their arrow in the central circle, just 12.2 cm in diameter, of a target face that is 122cm in diameter.
The roots of athletics can be traced back to the first ancient Olympic Games in Olympia, Greece held in 776 B.C. where the only event at those Games was the “stadion”, a sprinting race of approximately 200 metres. The ancient Games would eventually grow to include other athletics events such as the discus, javelin and broad jump.
Badminton is the world’s fastest racket sport. The flight of the shuttlecock, a simple missile of cork and goose feather, has been recorded at speeds of 260 kilometres per hour. Players have been known to cover more than six kilometres in a single match.
Most historians agree that baseball is based on the English game of “Rounders”. Baseball appeared as an Olympic medal sport in 1992 but was taken off the Olympic program following the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. It has been featured at the Pan American Games since 1951.