Basketball is played by two teams of five players each. Unlimited substitutions are allowed at any break in the game. The aim of each team is to score in the opponents’ basket and to prevent the opposing team from scoring. The team with the highest score at the end of the second half wins the game.
The word biathlon is of Greek origin and means “two tests”. In this case, the two tests are skiing and shooting. The sport has its roots in snow-covered Scandinavia where an important survival skill was the ability to hunt on skis with a rifle slung over the shoulder.
Bobsleigh was born in the late 19th century when the Swiss attached a steering mechanism to a toboggan. Today’s sleds are built to be fast and aerodynamic with a rounded fiberglass nose and four highly polished steel runners.