Ski jumping was born in 1860 when Norwegian Sondre Norheim, the father of modern skiing, built the first measured jump and flew 30 metres without poles over a rock. Ski jumping has been part of the Olympic Winter Games since the first edition in Chamonix in 1924.
Freestyle skiing is believed to have been born in the 1930s when Norwegian skiers would perform acrobatic moves while training for alpine and cross-country skiing. Exhibitions of “hot dogging” would eventually lead to organized competitions before freestyle skiing would be officially recognized by the International Ski Federation (FIS) in 1979.
Cross-country skiing has been used for thousands of years as a way of getting around on snow. The oldest skis, found in Russia, are believed to be more than 6000 years old. Cross-country skiing as a sport began in the mid-19th century, at about the same time that it was brought to North America.