History will be made in 2016 when Rio de Janeiro, Brazil hosts the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, marking the first time that a South American country will welcome the world to an Olympic Games. It is also just the third time that the Games will be held in the southern hemisphere, following Melbourne 1956 and Sydney 2000.
Rugby Sevens is a fast-paced, exciting variant of traditional Rugby in which teams are made up of seven players, instead of the usual fifteen-a-side. The game consists of two seven-minute halves and is played on the same size field with many of the rules consistent with its predecessor. Sevens is a game that requires speed, skill, and strength and is played by rugby’s fastest and fittest athletes, both male and female.
It was at the first IOC Congress in Paris in 1894 that Greece was entrusted with hosting the first Olympic Games of the modern era. Because the site of the Ancient Games, Olympia, was remote and undeveloped, Athens was selected to be the host city.
The 1900 Olympic Games were held in Paris as part of the Exposition Universelle Internationale (the World’s Fair), with hopes that this would help increase awareness of the Olympic Games. Instead, the fair organizers took control of the events, spreading the competitions over five months and de-emphasizing their Olympic status to such an extent that many athletes never knew they had actually participated in the Olympic Games.
Chicago was initially named the host city of the 1904 Olympic Games, however St. Louis had already scheduled a World’s Fair to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. After the organizers of that Louisiana Purchase Exposition threatened to stage a competing international sports tournament, the IOC decided to move the Olympic Games to St. Louis.
Originally awarded to Rome, the 1908 Olympic Games were reassigned to London in 1906 when it became apparent that the Italian city was not prepared and money from the government had to be diverted to rescue and recovery efforts following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
The 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm were a model of efficiency, setting a standard for organization for decades to come. The Swedish hosts introduced the use of electronic timing equipment, the photo finish, and a public address system to the Olympic Games.