IV Olympic Winter Games
The International Olympic Committee, by awarding the 1936 Winter Games to Germany, certified peace with this European country. Adolf Hitler opened the last Games for a 12 year period. For the first time, the Olympic flame burned at the Winter Games too.
The king of the Garmisch-Partenkirchen games was Ivar Bellagrund, winning three gold medals in speed skating. In his career, he won a total of seven Olympic medals. For the first time, alpine skiing was part of the Olympic program. The host country won four medals, two of them were gold in the only event, the combined alpine. Franz Pfnür and Gustav Lantschner finished first and second on the men’s side, while Christl Cranz and Kathe Grasegger did the same on the women’s side. Canadian skier Diana Gordon-Lennox captured the eye of the crowd skiing with one arm in a cast and only one pole. She finished 29th.
Canada’s strongest contender for a gold medal was again its hockey team. But before the hockey competition began, there was a furious debate over eligibility. Great Britain’s team included a great many players with British-Canadian dual citizenship. Ten of the 12 members of the British team had moved to Canada as children and learned the game in their adoptive country. The only Canadian-born player was the defenceman Gordon Dailley (born in Winnipeg), who played for a long period in the British league. Two of the recruited players had not received the proper transfer papers from the Canadian Association. One of them was goaltender Jimmy Foster who, in seven games, recorded four shutouts and allowed just three goals. Canada filed a protest, but was defeated, both by the International Ice Hockey federation and Great Britain.
The loss marked Canada’s first in Olympic hockey history. The Canadian team would have won the gold medal if the U.S. had beaten Britain in the last game of the tournament, but after three overtime periods, the final score was 0-0. Britain won gold, Canada silver.
Olympic Oath (athletes)
Wilhelm Bogner (Nordic skiing)
Olympic Oath (officials)
Lighting Olympic Cauldron
Chancellor Adolf Hitler