The 1900 Olympic Games were held in Paris as part of the Exposition Universelle Internationale (the World’s Fair), with hopes that this would help increase awareness of the Olympic Games. Instead, the fair organizers took control of the events, spreading the competitions over five months and de-emphasizing their Olympic status to such an extent that many athletes never knew they had actually participated in the Olympic Games.
The second Olympic Games to be held in Paris were much more successful than the first. The number of participating National Olympic Committees jumped from 29 in 1920 to 44. There were more than 1000 journalists in attendance as well as 625,000 spectators, signalling the arrival of the Olympic Games as a major event with widespread appeal.