Diving is a sport that requires strength, power, agility, balance, flexibility and, certainly, a dose of fearlessness. In both the individual and synchronized diving competitions, each dive is awarded a degree of difficulty based on the type of maneuver performed. The diver’s position, the number of somersaults and twists, and the take-off height are all considered.
The competition for both duet and team events consists of a technical routine and a free routine, each performed to music within a definitive time limit. The duet is comprised of two members, and the team is comprised of eight members.
Born from classic polo, water polo was initially contested with players riding floating barrels meant to resemble horses. The modern version is based on a set of rules that were introduced in Scotland in 1880. Men’s water polo has been an Olympic sport since 1900 and the women’s sport was introduced 100 years later in Sydney.