At the foundation of a country’s overall strength at the Olympic Games are the athletes whose performances put them on the podium.

While it may be difficult for most people to even fathom stepping up there once to accept a medal, these athletes have managed to do it multiple times, writing themselves into the Canadian record books.

Who are Canada’s Most Decorated Winter Olympians?

Most Medals – Women: 6 – Cindy Klassen, Long Track Speed Skating (1 gold, 2 silver, 3 bronze)

Canada’s Cindy Klassen powers around the oval in the ladies’ 3000m speed skating event at Turin 2006. The 27-year-old from Winnipeg won a whopping five medals at the Winter Games to become Canada’s most decorated Olympian. (CP PICTURE ARCHIVE/Paul Chiasson)

Representing Canada at three straight Games from 2002 to 2010, Klassen’s greatest success came at Turin 2006, where she medalled in each of her five events: 1000m (silver), 1500m (gold), 3000m (bronze), 5000m (bronze) and team pursuit (silver). She is one of just five long track speed skaters in the world to win five medals at a single Olympic Games.

Prior to her clean-up in Turin, Klassen also won 3000m bronze at Salt Lake City 2002. In addition to being Canada’s most decorated Winter Olympian, Klassen is tied with speed skater and cyclist Clara Hughes as Canada’s most decorated Olympian, regardless of season.

Most Medals – Men: 5 – Tied – Marc Gagnon (3 gold, 2 bronze) & François-Louis Tremblay, Short Track Speed Skating (2 gold, 2 silver, 1 bronze)

Marc Gagnon

Canadian short track gold medalist Marc Gagnon raises his arms after being awarded the gold medal in the men’s 500m  Saturday Feb. 23, 2002 at the 2002 Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City. He also won gold for the men’s 5,000 metre relay. (CP Photo/COC/Andre Forget)

Over the course of three consecutive Winter Games, Gagnon competed in 10 events, winning medals in half of them. At Lillehammer 1994, Gagnon began his podium placements with a bronze medal in the 1000m, and four years later at Nagano 1998, he captured gold as a member of the men’s 5000m relay.

Just a blade short of a medal twice in the 500m, Gagnon finally managed to skip over the other two spots on the podium to claim gold at Salt Lake City 2002. That same day, he helped the 5000m relay successfully defend the gold medal. Gagnon also won bronze in the 1500m at Salt Lake City 2002, giving him three medals for the Games and a total of five for his career.

François-Louis Tremblay

François-Louis Tremblay with his 500m bronze medal at Vancouver 2010

Also a short track speed skater on the gold medal-winning relay team at Salt Lake City 2002, Tremblay collected his next two silver medals at Turin 2006 when he competed in the men’s 500m and 5000m relay. He capped his Olympic career by winning 5000m relay gold and 500m bronze on the same day at Vancouver 2010.

Which Canadian Winter Olympians Won the Greatest Number of Golds?

Most Gold Medals – Women:  4 – Tied – Jayna Hefford, Hayley Wickenheiser & Caroline Ouellette, Ice Hockey

Captain Hayley Wickenheiser, right, from Shaunavon, Sask., co-captain Jayna Hefford, centre, from Kingston, Ont., and co-captain Caroline Ouellette from Montreal, Que., pose for a photo after the Canadian women’s hockey team for the 2010 Olympics was announced in Calgary, Monday, Dec.21, 2009. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh

In the highly anticipated debut of women’s ice hockey on the Olympic program, Wickenheiser and Hefford helped claim silver for Canada. Hungry for the taste of gold, they satisfied that craving at Salt Lake City 2002, where Ouellette was also part of the squad. Those three players continued to collect successive golds at Turin 2006, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. At the latter, Ouellette became the first winter athlete in the world to enter four Olympic events and win gold in all of them. No other Canadian athlete in any sport has won more than three Olympic gold medals.

Most Gold Medals – Men: 3 – Tied – Marc Gagnon & Charles Hamelin, Short Track Speed Skating

Charles Hamelin of Canada, who won the gold medal in men’s 1500m short track speed skating smiles while standing on the podium during the medals ceremony at the 2014 Olympic Winter Games, Monday, Feb. 10, 2014, in Sochi, Russia. (AP Photo/Morry Gash)

Gagnon is tied with another short track speed skater, Charles Hamelin, for the greatest number of golds won by a Canadian male Olympian. After Gagnon completed his golden haul at Salt Lake City 2002, Hamelin did the same 500m and 5000m relay double at Vancouver 2010, winning both gold in a 30-minute span. He also won the 1500m to open the short track competition at Sochi 2014.

Which Canadians Won the Most Medals at a Single Olympic Winter Games?

Women – 5 – Cindy Klassen, Long Track Speed Skating

Photo du COC : Mike Ridewood

As a direct result of her success at Turin 2006, the five medals Klassen collected during the long track speed skating events gave her more podium finishes at a single Winter Games than any other Canadian athlete in any sport.

Men – 3 – Tied – Gaétan Boucher, Long Track Speed Skating & Marc Gagnon, Short Track Speed Skating

Canada’s Gaétan Boucher participates in a speed skating event at the 1984 Olympic Winter Games in Sarajevo. (CP PHOTO/COC/O. Bierwagon

Boucher’s most successful Games came at Sarajevo 1984, where he stepped onto the podium in each of his three events. Boucher won gold in the 1000m and 1500m and took home bronze in the 500m. With an identical set of medals on the short track at Salt Lake City 2002, Gagnon tied Boucher for the most medals won by a Canadian man at a single Winter Games.