How It Works:

Both the men’s race and the women’s race are contested over the same course with a 1.5km swim, a 40km bike ride and a 10km run. The swimming leg begins with a mass start from either land or a pontoon. As athletes finish the swim, they proceed to the transition area to prepare for the cycling leg. To make the transition quicker, the athletes often have their bike shoes attached to the bike pedals. As the athletes finish the bike ride, they go through the transition area again to prepare for the running leg. The clock continues to run throughout the transition phases, so it is vital to make the change from discipline to discipline as quickly as possible. The first athlete to cross the finish line is the winner.

Paula Findlay

Canada’s Olympic History

Both of Canada’s Olympic triathlon medals belong to Simon Whitfield. He won gold in the sport’s debut at Sydney 2000 and silver at Beijing 2008, both times relying on his sprint ability in the run to put him on the podium.