SECTIONS

Get your Olympic I.D. for early access to exclusive content, promotions, contests and email updates from your Canadian Olympic Team.

Link other accounts

Logout
FR

Canadian Olympic Team Official Website

Aquatics – Diving

Aquatics – Diving

Diving developed as a competitive sport in the 18th century when gymnasts in Germany and Sweden began practicing their routines over water. It was in Germany where the first known book on diving was published in 1843. The oldest German club, Der Berliner Schwimmverein von 1878, began hosting international diving competitions in 1882. The first diving rules were adopted in 1891 at about the same time that competitive diving began in Great Britain thanks to the influence of visiting Swedes. The first diving organization, the Amateur Diving Association, was founded in Great Britain in 1901.

With much support from Germany, diving was introduced to the Olympic program at St. Louis 1904 with a single event for men. It was contested on a rigid board (like today’s platform) but mounted about three metres above the water (like today’s springboard). At the next Olympic Games in London, separate springboard and platform events were included for the men. A women’s platform event was first included at Stockholm 1912 with a springboard event added at Antwerp 1920. Synchronized events on both boards were introduced for men and women at Sydney 2000. Diving has been included at the Pan American Games since the inaugural edition in 1951.

There are five categories of dives, designated by the type of flight, used in all events. A sixth category, armstand, is used in platform diving only.

  1. Forward – diver’s body facing the water with rotation away from the board
  2. Backward – diver’s back to the water with rotation away from the board
  3. Reverse – diver’s body facing the water with rotation back toward the board
  4. Inward – diver’s back to the water with rotation back toward the board
  5. Twisting – any dive with a twist, whether forward, backward, reverse or inward
  6. Armstand – the diver begins from a motionless handstand on the edge of the platform

There are four positions a diver can take while in the air:

  1. Straight – body remains straight with feet together and toes pointed
  2. Pike – body bent at the waist with legs straight, feet together and toes pointed
  3. Tuck – body is bent at the waist with thighs and knees held together and drawn to the chest, heels kept close to the buttocks
  4. Free – not an actual body position; a combination of straight, pike or tuck, used only in twisting dives

A degree of difficulty for each dive is assigned, based on a mathematical formula that takes into account the number of somersaults, number of twists, flight position and entry position.

Scores are awarded per dive on a scale of 0 to 10 in half or whole points as follows:

  • Completely failed                             0
  • Unsatisfactory                                  0.5 to 2.0
  • Deficient                                            2.5 to 4.5
  • Satisfactory                                       5.0 to 6.5
  • Good                                                  7.0 to 8.0
  • Very good                                          8.5 to 9.5
  • Excellent                                            10

Events

Platform 10m - Men and Women

The individual events include three rounds of competition: preliminary, semifinal and final. The top 18 divers from the preliminary round advance to the semifinal from which the top 12 divers advance to the final. Scores do not carry over from round to round. Men’s events are comprised of six dives per round. Women’s events are comprised of five dives per round. Divers cannot repeat a dive within the same round. Divers must show variety in their dives, selecting from each of the five categories with no limit to the degree of difficulty. Judges evaluate the technique and execution of the dive as well as the overall impression, without regard to the approach to the starting position, the difficulty of the dive or any movement beneath the surface of the water. The individual events are scored by a panel of seven judges. The two highest and two lowest scores for each dive are dropped with the total of the remaining scores multiplied by the degree of difficulty of the dive.

Springboard 3m - Men and Women

The individual events include three rounds of competition: preliminary, semifinal and final. The top 18 divers from the preliminary round advance to the semifinal from which the top 12 divers advance to the final. Scores do not carry over from round to round. Men’s events are comprised of six dives per round. Women’s events are comprised of five dives per round. Divers cannot repeat a dive within the same round. Divers must show variety in their dives, selecting from each of the five categories with no limit to the degree of difficulty. Judges evaluate the technique and execution of the dive as well as the overall impression, without regard to the approach to the starting position, the difficulty of the dive or any movement beneath the surface of the water. The individual events are scored by a panel of seven judges. The two highest and two lowest scores for each dive are dropped with the total of the remaining scores multiplied by the degree of difficulty of the dive.

Synchronized Platform 10m - Men and Women

The synchronized events are comprised of one final round. The men’s events are comprised of six dives while the women’s events are comprised of five dives. Divers cannot repeat a dive within the same round. The first two dives performed are automatically assigned a degree of difficulty of 2.0 while the remaining dives are scored based on their actual degree of difficulty assigned by FINA. The synchronized events are scored by a panel of 11 judges. Five of the judges evaluate the synchronization of the two divers. Three judges score the execution of one individual diver while the three remaining judges score the execution of the other individual diver. The highest and lowest execution scores for each individual diver as well as the highest and lowest synchronization scores are dropped. The total of the remaining scores is then divided by five, multiplied by three and then multiplied by the degree of difficulty of the dive. The synchronization judges are looking for similarity of height, coordinated timing of movements, similarity of angles, comparative distance from the board and coordinated timing of entries.

Synchronized Springboard 3m - Men and Women

The synchronized events are comprised of one final round. The men’s events are comprised of six dives while the women’s events are comprised of five dives. Divers cannot repeat a dive within the same round. The first two dives performed are automatically assigned a degree of difficulty of 2.0 while the remaining dives are scored based on their actual degree of difficulty assigned by FINA. The synchronized events are scored by a panel of 11 judges. Five of the judges evaluate the synchronization of the two divers. Three judges score the execution of one individual diver while the three remaining judges score the execution of the other individual diver. The highest and lowest execution scores for each individual diver as well as the highest and lowest synchronization scores are dropped. The total of the remaining scores is then divided by five, multiplied by three and then multiplied by the degree of difficulty of the dive. The synchronization judges are looking for similarity of height, coordinated timing of movements, similarity of angles, comparative distance from the board and coordinated timing of entries.

Canadian Medallists

Open/Close

FINISH:

ATHLETE:

GAME:

EVENT:

RESULT:

GoldSylvie Bernier1984 Los AngelesSpringboard 3m - Women -
SilverAnne Montminy, Émilie Heymans2000 SydneySynchronized Platform 10m - Women -
SilverAlexandre Despatie2004 AthensSpringboard 3m - Men -
SilverAlexandre Despatie2008 BeijingSpringboard 3m - Men -
SilverÉmilie Heymans2008 BeijingPlatform 10m - Women -
BronzeIrene MacDonald1956 MelbourneSpringboard 3m - Women -
BronzeAnnie Pelletier1996 AtlantaSpringboard 3m - Women -
BronzeAnne Montminy2000 SydneyPlatform 10m - Women -
BronzeBlythe Hartley, Émilie Heymans2004 AthensSynchronized Platform 10m - Women -
BronzeJennifer Abel, Émilie Heymans2012 LondonSynchronized Springboard 3m - Women -
BronzeMeaghan Benfeito, Roseline Filion2012 LondonSynchronized Platform 10m - Women -
Canadian Olympic ID
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 274 other followers

Get your free Olympic I.D.

Get your Olympic I.D. for early access to exclusive content, contests and email updates from your Canadian Olympic Team.