Shooting events are distinguished by the type of firearm or airgun, the type of target, whether moving or stationary, and the distance of the shooter from the target. A score from one to 10 is awarded for each shot, depending on its accuracy. In the final events, partial points can be awarded for shots that are close to the target.

In all shotgun events the target is a spinning clay saucer catapulted into the air from a trap to simulate the flight of birds. The location of the shooter and the height and angle at which the target is released varies with the event. The top six competitors after the preliminary competition advance to the final round. Final standings are based on aggregate scores.

In all events, shooters take part in two rounds, the qualification and the final. The scores in each round are added together to give a total score, which determines the winners of the medals.