Sidney Crosby

Ice Hockey

Canadian Olympic Medal Count

Gold medal icon 13
Silver medal icon 6
Bronze medal icon 3

Sport Overview

Ice Hockey at Beijing 2022

Venues: National Indoor Stadium, Wukesong Sports Centre

Competition Dates: February 3-20 (Days -11-16)

Events: 2 (1 men, 1 women)

In its basic form, hockey is a game played on ice in which teams try to score in their opponent’s goal, using curved sticks to move the rubber puck. Five players and one goalkeeper are on the ice for a team at any one time, with substitutions coming from the bench. A regulation game consists of three 20-minute periods with two 15-minute intermissions. At the Olympic Games, no games can end in a tie, so deadlocks are broken by a four-on-four overtime period or, if needed, a shoot-out. Overtime is five minutes for group stage games and 10 minutes for all playoff games, except for the gold medal game which has a 20 minute overtime.

Megan Agosta stickhandling the puck

At Beijing 2022 the men’s tournament will have 12 teams divided into three groups:

Group A: Canada, United States, Germany, China

Group B: Russia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Qualifier 3

Group C: Finland, Sweden, Qualifier 1, Qualifier 2

The tournament begins with a round robin within each group. No teams are eliminated from medal contention based on the preliminary round results. The three group winners and the second place team with the best record receive a bye into the quarterfinals. The remaining eight teams play a qualification playoff game. The winners of the qualification playoff games advance to the quarterfinals to face one of the teams that received a bye. Quarterfinal winners advance to the semifinals. Semifinal winners advance to play for gold and silver while the semifinal losers play for bronze.

At Beijing 2022 the women’s tournament will have 10 teams divided into two groups:

Group A: United States, Canada, Finland, Russia, Switzerland

Group B: Japan, Qualifier 1, Qualifier 2, Qualifier 3, China

The tournament begins with a round robin within each group. Organized into two tiers, Group A consists of teams ranked 1-5 by the IIHF while Group B has the teams ranked 6-10. All the teams from Group A advance from the preliminary round along with the top three teams from Group B. The winners of the four quarterfinal games advance to the semifinals. The semifinal winners advance to play for gold and silver while the semifinal losers play for bronze.

Canadian women celebrate a hockey goal

Canadian History (pre-Beijing 2022)

With 22 medals, including 13 gold, Canada is the most successful country in Olympic ice hockey.

Canada won the men’s tournament at six of the first seven Olympic Games in which ice hockey was included, beginning with the debut during the summer Games at Antwerp 1920.

Winnipeg Falcons standing as a team on ice

There was then a 50 year drought after Oslo 1952 until the next gold was won at Salt Lake City 2002. But the next wait was much shorter, with back-to-back men’s gold medals at Vancouver 2010 and Sochi 2014. Shea Weber, Jonathan Toews, Sidney Crosby, Drew Doughty, Ryan Getzlaf, Rick Nash, Duncan Keith, Roberto Luongo, Patrick Marleau and Corey Perry were all members of those last two gold medal teams. Canada won bronze at PyeongChang 2018.

Team Canada women post on ice after winning gold

Canada has never missed the podium in the women’s tournament since it debuted at Nagano 1998. After a silver at those first Games, Canada won four straight gold medals, making Hayley Wickenheiser and Jayna Hefford the two most decorated athletes in the sport. Caroline Ouellette joined them on all four gold medal teams. Canada won silver at PyeongChang 2018.

Canadian Medallists

Event Athlete Finish Games
MenWinnipeg FalconsGoldAntwerp 1920
MenToronto GranitesGoldChamonix 1924
MenUniversity of Toronto GradsGoldSt. Moritz 1928
MenThe WinnipegsGoldLake Placid 1932
MenRCAF FlyersGoldSt. Moritz 1948
MenEdmonton MercurysGoldOslo 1952
MenTeam CanadaGoldSalt Lake City 2002
WomenCanadian National Women’s TeamGoldSalt Lake City 2002
WomenCanadian National Women’s TeamGoldTurin 2006
MenTeam CanadaGoldVancouver 2010
WomenCanadian National Women’s TeamGoldVancouver 2010
MenTeam CanadaGoldSochi 2014
WomenCanadian National Women’s TeamGoldSochi 2014
MenPort Arthur BearcatsSilverGarmisch-Partenkirchen 1936
MenKitchener-Waterloo DutchmenSilverSquaw Valley 1960
MenCanadian National TeamSilverAlbertville 1992
MenCanadian National TeamSilverLillehammer 1994
WomenCanadian National Women’s TeamSilverNagano 1998
WomenTeam CanadaSilverPyeongChang 2018
MenKitchener-Waterloo DutchmenBronzeCortina d'Ampezzo 1956
MenCanadian National TeamBronzeGrenoble 1968
MenTeam CanadaBronzePyeongChang 2018

Teams